# [LeetCode] 245. Shortest Word Distance III 最短单词距离 III

2021年09月15日 阅读数：1

This is a follow up of Shortest Word Distance. The only difference is now word1 could be the same as word2.html

Given a list of words and two words word1 and word2, return the shortest distance between these two words in the list.python

word1 and word2 may be the same and they represent two individual words in the list.post

For example,
Assume that words = ["practice", "makes", "perfect", "coding", "makes"].url

Given word1 = “makes”, word2 = “coding”, return 1.
Given word1 = "makes", word2 = "makes", return 3.htm

Note:
You may assume word1 and word2 are both in the list.blog

243. Shortest Word Distance  和 245. Shortest Word Distance II 的拓展，此次两个单词可能会相同。get

Python:string

```# Time:  O(n)
# Space: O(1)
class Solution:
# @param {string[]} words
# @param {string} word1
# @param {string} word2
# @return {integer}
def shortestWordDistance(self, words, word1, word2):
dist = float("inf")
is_same = (word1 == word2)
i, index1, index2 = 0, None, None
while i < len(words):
if words[i] == word1:
if is_same and index1 is not None:
dist = min(dist, abs(index1 - i))
index1 = i
elif words[i] == word2:
index2 = i

if index1 is not None and index2 is not None:
dist = min(dist, abs(index1 - index2))
i += 1

return dist
```

C++:it

```class Solution {
public:
int shortestWordDistance(vector<string>& words, string word1, string word2) {
int p1 = -1, p2 = -1, res = INT_MAX;
for (int i = 0; i < words.size(); ++i) {
int t = p1;
if (words[i] == word1) p1 = i;
if (words[i] == word2) p2 = i;
if (p1 != -1 && p2 != -1) {
if (word1 == word2 && t != -1 && t != p1) {
res = min(res, abs(t - p1));
} else if (p1 != p2) {
res = min(res, abs(p1 - p2));
}
}
}
return res;
}
};
```

C++:io

```class Solution {
public:
int shortestWordDistance(vector<string>& words, string word1, string word2) {
int p1 = words.size(), p2 = -words.size(), res = INT_MAX;
for (int i = 0; i < words.size(); ++i) {
if (words[i] == word1) p1 = word1 == word2 ? p2 : i;
if (words[i] == word2) p2 = i;
res = min(res, abs(p1 - p2));
}
return res;
}
};
```

C++:

```class Solution {
public:
int shortestWordDistance(vector<string>& words, string word1, string word2) {
int idx = -1, res = INT_MAX;
for (int i = 0; i < words.size(); ++i) {
if (words[i] == word1 || words[i] == word2) {
if (idx != -1 && (word1 == word2 || words[i] != words[idx])) {
res = min(res, i - idx);
}
idx = i;
}
}
return res;
}
};
```

[LeetCode] 243. Shortest Word Distance 最短单词距离

[LeetCode] 245. Shortest Word Distance II 最短单词距离 II