[LeetCode] 750. Number Of Corner Rectangles 边角矩形的数量

2021年09月15日 阅读数:1
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Given a grid where each entry is only 0 or 1, find the number of corner rectangles.html

corner rectangle is 4 distinct 1s on the grid that form an axis-aligned rectangle. Note that only the corners need to have the value 1. Also, all four 1s used must be distinct.java

Example 1:python

Input: grid = 
[[1, 0, 0, 1, 0],
 [0, 0, 1, 0, 1],
 [0, 0, 0, 1, 0],
 [1, 0, 1, 0, 1]]
Output: 1
Explanation: There is only one corner rectangle, with corners grid[1][2], grid[1][4], grid[3][2], grid[3][4].

Example 2:数组

Input: grid = 
[[1, 1, 1],
 [1, 1, 1],
 [1, 1, 1]]
Output: 9
Explanation: There are four 2x2 rectangles, four 2x3 and 3x2 rectangles, and one 3x3 rectangle.

Example 3:post

Input: grid = 
[[1, 1, 1, 1]]
Output: 0
Explanation: Rectangles must have four distinct corners. 

Note:优化

  1. The number of rows and columns of grid will each be in the range [1, 200].
  2. Each grid[i][j] will be either 0 or 1.
  3. The number of 1s in the grid will be at most 6000.

给了一个由0和1组成的二维数组,定义了一种边角矩形,其四个顶点均为1,求这个二维数组中有多少个不一样的边角矩形。url

不能一个一个的数,先固定2行,求每列与这2行相交是否是都是1 ,计算这样的列数,而后用公式:n*(n-1)/2,得出能组成的边角矩形,累加到结果中。code

解法:枚举,枚举任意两行r1和r2,看这两行中存在多少列,知足在该列中第r1行和第r2行中对应的元素都是1。假设有counter列知足条件,那么这两行能够构成的的recangles的数量就是counter * (counter - 1) / 2。最后返回全部rectangles的数量便可。若是假设grid一共有m行n列,时间复杂度就是O(m^2n),空间复杂度是O(1)。若是m远大于n的时候,还能够将时间复杂度优化到O(mn^2)。orm

Java:htm

class Solution {
    public int countCornerRectangles(int[][] grid) {
        int m = grid.length, n = grid[0].length;
        int ans = 0;
        for (int x = 0; x < m; x++) {
            for (int y = x + 1; y < m; y++) {
                int cnt = 0;
                for (int z = 0; z < n; z++) {
                    if (grid[x][z] == 1 && grid[y][z] == 1) {
                        cnt++;
                    }
                }
                ans += cnt * (cnt - 1) / 2;
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }
}  

Python:

def countCornerRectangles(self, grid):
        """
        :type grid: List[List[int]]
        :rtype: int
        """
        n = len(grid)
        m = len(grid[0])
        res = 0
        for i in xrange(n):
            for j in xrange(i + 1, n):
                np = 0
                for k in xrange(m):
                    if grid[i][k] and grid[j][k]:
                        np += 1

                res += np * (np - 1) / 2
        return res 

Python:

# Time:  O(n * m^2), n is the number of rows with 1s, m is the number of cols with 1s
# Space: O(n * m)
class Solution(object):
    def countCornerRectangles(self, grid):
        """
        :type grid: List[List[int]]
        :rtype: int
        """
        rows = [[c for c, val in enumerate(row) if val]
                for row in grid]
        result = 0
        for i in xrange(len(rows)):
            lookup = set(rows[i])
            for j in xrange(i):
                count = sum(1 for c in rows[j] if c in lookup)
                result += count*(count-1)/2
        return result

C++: 暴力,很差

class Solution {
public:
    int countCornerRectangles(vector<vector<int>>& grid) {
        int m = grid.size(), n = grid[0].size(), res = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < m; ++i) {
            for (int j = 0; j < n; ++j) {
                if (grid[i][j] == 0) continue;
                for (int h = 1; h < m - i; ++h) {
                    if (grid[i + h][j] == 0) continue;
                    for (int w = 1; w < n - j; ++w) {
                        if (grid[i][j + w] == 1 && grid[i + h][j + w] == 1) ++res;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        return res;
    }
};  

C++:

// Time:  O(m^2 * n), m is the number of rows with 1s, n is the number of cols with 1s
// Space: O(m * n)
class Solution {
public:
    int countCornerRectangles(vector<vector<int>>& grid) {
        vector<vector<int>> rows;
        for (int i = 0; i < grid.size(); ++i) {
            vector<int> row;
            for (int j = 0; j < grid[i].size(); ++j) {
                if (grid[i][j]) {
                    row.emplace_back(j);
                }
            }
            if (!row.empty()) {
                rows.emplace_back(move(row));
            }
        }
        int result = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < rows.size(); ++i) {
            unordered_set<int> lookup(rows[i].begin(), rows[i].end());
            for (int j = 0; j < i; ++j) {
                int count = 0;
                for (const auto& c : rows[j]) {
                    count += lookup.count(c);
                }
                result += count * (count - 1) / 2;
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
};

C++:

class Solution {
public:
    int countCornerRectangles(vector<vector<int>>& grid) {
        int ans = 0;
        for (int r1 = 0; r1 + 1 < grid.size(); ++r1) {
            for (int r2 = r1 + 1; r2 < grid.size(); ++r2) {
                int counter = 0;
                for (int c = 0; c < grid[0].size(); ++c) {
                    if (grid[r1][c] == 1 && grid[r2][c] == 1) {
                        ++counter;
                    }
                }
                ans += counter * (counter - 1) / 2;
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }
};

  

  

  

 

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