[LeetCode] 324. Wiggle Sort II 摆动排序 II

2021年09月15日 阅读数:1
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Given an unsorted array nums, reorder it such that nums[0] < nums[1] > nums[2] < nums[3]....html

Example 1:java

Input: nums = [1, 5, 1, 1, 6, 4]
Output: One possible answer is [1, 4, 1, 5, 1, 6].

Example 2:python

Input: nums = [1, 3, 2, 2, 3, 1]
Output: One possible answer is [2, 3, 1, 3, 1, 2].

Note:
You may assume all input has valid answer.算法

Follow Up:
Can you do it in O(n) time and/or in-place with O(1) extra space?数组

280. Wiggle Sort 的变形,这题nums[0] < nums[1] > nums[2] < nums[3]....里面没有等号。 dom

解法1:先对数组进行排序, 而后从左往右奇数索引位置放大于中位数的数, 而后从右往左在偶数索引位置放小于中位数的数, 剩下的位置都放中位数. 其T: O(nlog(n)), S: O(n).post

解法2:利用quickSelect算法,从未经排序的数组nums中选出中位数mid,以中位数mid为界,将大于mid的元素排列在ix的较小部分,而将小于mid的元素排列在ix的较大部分。T: O(n), S: O(1)ui

解法3:three-way partitioning,variant of 75. Sort Colors url

Java:spa

public void wiggleSort(int[] nums) {
        int median = findKthLargest(nums, (nums.length + 1) / 2);
        int n = nums.length;

        int left = 0, i = 0, right = n - 1;

        while (i <= right) {

            if (nums[newIndex(i,n)] > median) {
                swap(nums, newIndex(left++,n), newIndex(i++,n));
            }
            else if (nums[newIndex(i,n)] < median) {
                swap(nums, newIndex(right--,n), newIndex(i,n));
            }
            else {
                i++;
            }
        }


    }

    private int newIndex(int index, int n) {
        return (1 + 2*index) % (n | 1);
    }

Java:

void wiggleSort(vector<int>& nums) {
    int n = nums.size();
    
    // Find a median.
    auto midptr = nums.begin() + n / 2;
    nth_element(nums.begin(), midptr, nums.end());
    int mid = *midptr;
    
    // Index-rewiring.
    #define A(i) nums[(1+2*(i)) % (n|1)]

    // 3-way-partition-to-wiggly in O(n) time with O(1) space.
    int i = 0, j = 0, k = n - 1;
    while (j <= k) {
        if (A(j) > mid)
            swap(A(i++), A(j++));
        else if (A(j) < mid)
            swap(A(j), A(k--));
        else
            j++;
    }
}

Java:

public class Solution {
    public void wiggleSort(int[] nums) {
        int medium = findMedium(nums, 0, nums.length - 1, (nums.length + 1) >> 1);
        int s = 0, t = nums.length - 1 , mid_index = (nums.length + 1) >> 1;
        int[] temp = new int[nums.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < nums.length; i++) {
            if (nums[i] < medium)
                temp[s++] = nums[i];
            else if (nums[i] > medium)
                temp[t--] = nums[i];
        }
 
        while (s < mid_index) temp[s++] = medium;
        while (t >= mid_index) temp[t--] = medium;
 
        t = nums.length;
        for (int i = 0; i < nums.length; i++)
            nums[i] = (i & 1) == 0 ? temp[--s] : temp[--t];
    }
 
    private int findMedium(int[] nums, int L, int R, int k) {
        if (L >= R) return nums[R];
        int i = partition(nums, L, R);
        int cnt = i - L + 1;
        if (cnt == k) return nums[i];
        return cnt > k ? findMedium(nums, L, i - 1, k) : findMedium(nums, i + 1, R, k - cnt);
    }
 
    private int partition(int[] nums, int L, int R) {
        int val = nums[L];
        int i = L, j = R + 1;
        while (true) {
            while (++i < R && nums[i] < val) ;
            while (--j > L && nums[j] > val) ;
            if (i >= j) break;
            swap(nums, i, j);
        }
        swap(nums, L, j);
        return j;
    }
 
    private void swap(int[] nums, int i, int j) {
        int temp = nums[i];
        nums[i] = nums[j];
        nums[j] = temp;
    }
}  

Python:

# Time:  O(nlogn)
# Space: O(n)
# Sorting and reoder solution. (92ms)
class Solution(object):
    def wiggleSort(self, nums):
        """
        :type nums: List[int]
        :rtype: void Do not return anything, modify nums in-place instead.
        """
        nums.sort()
        med = (len(nums) - 1) / 2
        nums[::2], nums[1::2] = nums[med::-1], nums[:med:-1]  

Python:

# Time:  O(n) ~ O(n^2)
# Space: O(1)
# Tri Partition (aka Dutch National Flag Problem) with virtual index solution. (TLE)
from random import randint
class Solution2(object):
    def wiggleSort(self, nums):
        """
        :type nums: List[int]
        :rtype: void Do not return anything, modify nums in-place instead.
        """
        def findKthLargest(nums, k):
            left, right = 0, len(nums) - 1
            while left <= right:
                pivot_idx = randint(left, right)
                new_pivot_idx = partitionAroundPivot(left, right, pivot_idx, nums)
                if new_pivot_idx == k - 1:
                    return nums[new_pivot_idx]
                elif new_pivot_idx > k - 1:
                    right = new_pivot_idx - 1
                else:  # new_pivot_idx < k - 1.
                    left = new_pivot_idx + 1

        def partitionAroundPivot(left, right, pivot_idx, nums):
            pivot_value = nums[pivot_idx]
            new_pivot_idx = left
            nums[pivot_idx], nums[right] = nums[right], nums[pivot_idx]
            for i in xrange(left, right):
                if nums[i] > pivot_value:
                    nums[i], nums[new_pivot_idx] = nums[new_pivot_idx], nums[i]
                    new_pivot_idx += 1
            nums[right], nums[new_pivot_idx] = nums[new_pivot_idx], nums[right]
            return new_pivot_idx

        def reversedTriPartitionWithVI(nums, val):
            def idx(i, N):
                return (1 + 2 * (i)) % N

            N = len(nums) / 2 * 2 + 1
            i, j, n = 0, 0, len(nums) - 1
            while j <= n:
                if nums[idx(j, N)] > val:
                    nums[idx(i, N)], nums[idx(j, N)] = nums[idx(j, N)], nums[idx(i, N)]
                    i += 1
                    j += 1
                elif nums[idx(j, N)] < val:
                    nums[idx(j, N)], nums[idx(n, N)] = nums[idx(n, N)], nums[idx(j, N)]
                    n -= 1
                else:
                    j += 1

        mid = (len(nums) - 1) / 2
        findKthLargest(nums, mid + 1)
        reversedTriPartitionWithVI(nums, nums[mid])

C++:

// O(n) space
class Solution {
public:
    void wiggleSort(vector<int>& nums) {
        vector<int> tmp = nums;
        int n = nums.size(), k = (n + 1) / 2, j = n; 
        sort(tmp.begin(), tmp.end());
        for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
            nums[i] = i & 1 ? tmp[--j] : tmp[--k];
        }
    }
};  

C++:

// O(1) space
class Solution {
public:
    void wiggleSort(vector<int>& nums) {
        #define A(i) nums[(1 + 2 * i) % (n | 1)]
        int n = nums.size(), i = 0, j = 0, k = n - 1;
        auto midptr = nums.begin() + n / 2;
        nth_element(nums.begin(), midptr, nums.end());
        int mid = *midptr;
        while (j <= k) {
            if (A(j) > mid) swap(A(i++), A(j++));
            else if (A(j) < mid) swap(A(j), A(k--));
            else ++j;
        }
    }
};

  

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